Thursday, February 28, 2013

History of Operating Systems

History of in operation(p) Systems

Ayman Moumina

History of Computing
Prof. Tim Bergin
5/3/01

in operation(p) systems are the software that makes the computer hardware usable. Hardware
provides raw computing power. Operating system makes the computing power
conveniently available to users, by managing the hardware carefully to achieve good
performance.
Operating systems can withal be considered to be managers of the resources. An
operational system determines which computer resources testament be utilized for solving which
problem and the order in which they will be used. In general, an operating(a) system has
three superstar types of ranges.
i.

Allocation and assignment of system resources such as input/output devices,
software, central processing unit, etc.

ii.

Scheduling: This function coordinates resources and business lines and follows certain
presumptuousness priority.

iii.

Monitoring: This function monitors and keeps track of the activities in the
computer system. It maintains logs of job operation, notifies end-users or
computer operators of either abnormal terminations or error conditions. This
function also contains security monitoring features such as any authorized attempt
to access the system as well as ensures that all the security safeguards are in place
(Laudon and Laudon, 1997).

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Throughout the accounting of computers, the operating system has continually

evolved as the needs of the users and the capabilities of the computer systems have
changed.
As Weizer (1981) has noted, operating systems have evolved since the 1940s
through a number of hard-hitting generations, which roughly correspond to the decades.

2

Although this observation was made in 1981, this is fluid roughly valid after two decades.
In this paper, we shall also follow the similar approach and discuss the history of
operating systems roughly along the decades.
Early History: The 1940s and the fifties:
In the 1940s, the earliest electronic digital systems had no operating systems....If you want to get a full essay, order it on our website: Ordercustompaper.com



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