Wednesday, October 31, 2012

National Special Education

In an work to overcome the many funding limitations, school districts are also attempting to fund particular education programs and facilities by trying different funding formulas. According to Parrish (1996), most typically school districts are using a single on the four following funding formulas: 1. Pupil Weights - This formula involves a couple of or a lot more categories of student-based funding for unique education expressed as a numerous of regular education aid. In their survey of 48 states, the CSEF (1999) reported that this funding formula was employed by 37.5 percent in the surveyed states. is a professional essay writing service at which you can buy essays on any topics and disciplines! All custom essays are written by professional writers!

2. Resource-based Funding - This formula is according to allocation of particular educational resources such as classroom units or teachers. Approximately 22.9 percent of the 48 states surveyed by the CSEF (1999) utilized this funding formula.

3. Flat Rate - Applied by about 14.5 percent on the states surveyed by the CSEF (1999), this funding formula is defined by Parrish (1996) being a relatively merely formula consisting of a fixed amount of income per unit or per student.

4. Percent Reimbursement - With this formula, funding is based on a percentage of allowable or true expenditures. This formula is currently being employed by about 25 percent of states (CSEF, 1999). The value of correct funding formulas and wha Parrish (1998) notes that many educators are becoming additional sociopolitically involved in these issues. For example, they're working to aid governments in developing criteria to look at as soon as developing funding systems to foster powerful specific education programming. Moreover, they are said, through their sociopolitical and advocacy, to become helping shape states' fiscal policies in a manner that encourages integrated services, along with helping states to overcome difficulties in implementing fiscal reform policies. However, the estimated outcomes did not enhance appreciably as soon as measure of expenditures was adjusted to account for resource-cost differentials or when differences inside the proportion of special-needs students were taken into account.

Clearly, then this find out shows that though it's and remains important for school districts to perform all that they can to finance special education programs and facilities, they have to also jobs in other methods to help these students to receive an optimal education. Montgomery, D. L. (1995a). The impact in the Kentucky education reform act on unique education programs and services: Perceptions of unique education directors. Palo Alto, CA: American Institutes for Research, Center for Special Education Finance. (ERIC Article Reproduction Support No. ED 391 272). A value-added student achievement model was specified and estimated with a number of measures as the explanatory variable of interest. A certain and statistically significant, even though small, relationship among high school students' academic achievement and per pupil expenditures was found. Using distinct funding sources and funding formulas are not the only way wherever school districts are attempting to finance their special education programs facilities. Carlson (1993) reports that schools and school districts, in particular rural or small schools, rely rather heavily on local money for unique education. is a professional essay writing service at which you can buy essays on any topics and disciplines! All custom essays are written by professional writers!

Monday, October 29, 2012

Motivation Theory

The causal models, then, measured and assessed the results of motivating causes on organizational final results primarily during the context of need importance conflict. These models had been not entirely satisfactory (Locke, 1983). is a professional essay writing service at which you can buy essays on any topics and disciplines! All custom essays are written by professional writers!

The causal models did not provide the strength and preciseness of analysis needed to accurately define the relationships between motivation, employment satisfaction, and various organizational outcomes, and to develop powerful strategies to promote desirable organizational final results from your enhancement of motivation and job satisfaction (Blegan, 1993). Researchers then oriented studies toward the identification with the particular reasons that affected career satisfaction and could motivate folks inside organizational environments (Locke, 1983). This body of work has grow to be called content theories of motivation and work satisfaction (Scott, 1992).

Maslow (1954) dealt with motivation in the theory with the hierarchy of needs. The hierarchy divided human needs into greater and lower orders. The lower order requirements are primary, just like food, shelter, sex, and physical security, while the higher order requirements involve affiliation, adore for others, and self actualization. After the lower order requirements are absent inside the life of an individual, the satisfaction of people requirements turn into the center with the individual's life. In most modern-day societies, however, the principal requirements are satisfied.

Professional businesses have encountered similar problems. Rosenberg (1998) reviewed the practice in quite a few public accounting firms, wherein the "firms pay all their partners both equally although they do not make equal contributions towards the organizational success" (p. 46). Organizations observing this practice argue that such a scheme both reduces "conflicts and fosters teamwork" (Rosenberg, 1998, p. 46). Rosenberg (1998), however, contends that this model of compensation management may, in fact, "lead to dissatisfaction and failure to maximize performance" (p. 46). Rosenberg (1998), thus, recommends that professional organizations develop performance based compensation systems that that account for varying levels of capabilities and contributions by perform. Rosenberg (1998) concluded from consultations with 288 professional accounting companies "that the compensation system should be according to performance, motivate partners to complete what's needed of them, reward the values held to be most critical by partners, be perceived as fair by partners, flexible and involve the promoting department" (p. 45).

Herzberg, Mausner, and Snyderman (1959) created the two point design of motivation that's often confused with Maslow's hierarchy of needs. The two factor design divided the reasons involved in an individual's organizational life into hygiene factors. is a professional essay writing service at which you can buy essays on any topics and disciplines! All custom essays are written by professional writers!

Friday, October 26, 2012

Martha Stewart Tremendous Achievements

She has a flower service, greeting cards, and also a coordinated line of home dTcor called "Martha Stewart Signature." Quite a few of her products are merchandised through Kmart, and she also has some garden items (Szalai 9). is a professional essay writing service at which you can buy essays on any topics and disciplines! All custom essays are written by professional writers!

The Martha Stewart company went public in 1999. In recent months the company has created news mainly because Martha Stewart has been accused of insider trading of ImClone Systems shares, most likely facing indictment on criminal charges by a federal grand jury (Steinberg & Vranica B4). Ms. Stewart maintains her innocence, but has stepped down from her chief-executive post. Ms. Stewart and others involved of the scandal had been not the only one who sold ImClone stock on December 27, 2001. On that day more than 7.7 million shares of ImClone have been sold and the price fell considerably. The insider trading trial is set to begin in January.

The outcomes of these occurrences have had spin-off effects for Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia. As stated earlier, Ms. Stewart has stepped down inside the chief-executive post and will be involved in more on the creative side of the business. The business reported a sharp decline in second-quarter profit, as the earnings decreased 16.3 percent. A single year ago her reported profit was $6.7 million, and for the full year of 2003, the company expects a loss (Szalai, 9). Martha Stewart Living's television revenue for your second quarter fell 8 percent to $6.6 million


Steinberg, Brian, and Suzanne Vranica. "Martha Stewart Business Requirements Space?Branding

Experts Suggest Company Distance Itself from Celebrity Founder." Wall Street

Rothenberg states that for a brand to be a brand it has to obtain at least three qualities, 3 forms of potentialities (Rothenberg 18). It must embody a promise, the promise that it can fulfill some human need or set of human needs. It have to have the capacity to make an institution such that men and women assist the promise's extension across product or service and support lines. And finally, the brand ought to be able of being immortal, the understanding that the needs met by the brand are enduring and not subject to shifts of times and person personalities, for instance the brands of Ivory, Betty Crocker, or Ford. Ms. Stewart's goods and services are not yet that enduring, although they've the capability to become so. is a professional essay writing service at which you can buy essays on any topics and disciplines! All custom essays are written by professional writers!

Thursday, October 25, 2012

Leadership Can Be Taught

It is this belief that leadership can be taught that has given rise to corporate leadership training as well as degrees in corporate leadership and organizational leadership at the college level. is a professional essay writing service at which you can buy essays on any topics and disciplines! All custom essays are written by professional writers!

Organizations are willing to spend a considerable amount of their resources in an effort to train their managers to become leaders. In 2000, it is estimated that more than $50 billion was spend on corporate leadership development programs (Ready & Conger, 2003). If organizations did not believe that they were receiving an appropriate return on this investment, they would not be committing these levels of resources. However, it is difficult to measure the effectiveness of leadership training since leadership itself is believed to be a "soft" skill. Nonetheless, there are some leadership techniques that have gained particular popularity in recent years, and ways to gauge their effectiveness is the extent to which they are practiced in organizations that have implemented them.


Leadership training takes several numerous forms, and is similar in several areas to other types of workplace training. Training can consume location in a classroom-like setting with an instructor lecturing on numerous ways and applying the ideas towards particular workplace.


Session VI will synthesize the many sessions and supply a lot more resources that students can use as their careers develop. In addition, students will likely be encouraged to discuss how they've implemented concepts learned inside course, and which concepts they discovered potent and ineffective in their work environment.

Session I'll explore the difficulty of leadership and determine what the students expect inside the module. Many theories of leadership will be explored, just like transactional and transformational leadership, and also the role of leadership within current corporations will likely be discussed. Students will read about leaders as distinct as Attila the Hun, George Washington, Walt Disney and Jack Welch, and will be encouraged to explore why these men have been successful leaders. Students will also bring examples of leaders in their very own lives and organizations, and the unique characteristics of person firms will probably be discussed so that future lessons can have immediate relevance.

The continued investment in leadership training suggests that firms think there's validity towards process, and some studies assist this belief. However, one-time seminars are not most likely to result in changes in individuals and improve them into strong leaders. Instead, regular training sessions emphasizing different aspects of leadership are required to generate an effective training system that will produce leaders who is also successful in their modern corporation as well as transfer skills to new companies or as their businesses adjust over time. The skills that are emphasized are communication skills--both listening and transmitting, building emotional maturity, learning when--and after not--to delegate, recognizing the strengths and weaknesses of all members of a team--including the leader, and knowing as soon as to follow rather than lead (Woltring, Constantine & Schwarte, 2003). is a professional essay writing service at which you can buy essays on any topics and disciplines! All custom essays are written by professional writers!

Wednesday, October 24, 2012

Delimiting the CBD by Raymond E. Murphy and J.E. Vance. Jr

Cities considered, mapped and analyzed include Worcester, Grand Rapids, Salt Lake City, Tacoma, Sacramento, Phoenix, Tulsa, Mobile, and Roanoke. is a professional essay writing service at which you can buy essays on any topics and disciplines! All custom essays are written by professional writers!

These cities are analyzed primarily to see the limits of their Central Firm Districts, basing those people limits on nation index values. For example,

In Salt Lake City, the only problems encountered in drawing the boundary involved government buildings. Thus the block occupied by the city-county building at the extreme southeast was included . . . ; so, too, was the narrow block southwest in the center wherever the article office is situated (220).

In their conclusion, the authors evaluate the procedure of indexing they used. They candidly admit that "The Central Business Index System is not presented like a absolute and final answer to the difficulty of delimiting the CBD, but rather like a first step in that direction" (221). They go on to issue out the limitations of their study, for example the fact that their boundaries must not be noticed as a definitive ct-off factor for your CBD in any specific city. Also, they studied only cities of the limited size, and they question how powerful their approach would be after used to bigger cities.

J. Timmons Roberts, in "Squatters and Urban Growth in Amazonia," and Brian J. Godfrey, in "Migration towards the Gold-Mining Frontier in Brazilian Amazonia" explore social, political and environmental changes that are wrought as benefits from the influx of squatters into Amazonia. Godfrey is an associate professor of geography at Vassar College in Poughkeepsie, New York, and J. Timmons Roberts is an assistant professor of Latin American studies and sociology at Tulane University in New Orleans, Louisiana.

Roberts explores primarily the impact of these squatter communities on local politicians:

Roberts also studies the nature with the formation of this kind of communities, and finds that governments and squatters share inside political structure which emerges from these new conditions:

The importance of each of these content articles can't be overestimated in any analysis of the region, mainly because the mining enterprises at the heart on the region's economic workout will only grown increasingly important, and, therefore, the value with the squatter communities upon which those people enterprises depend will also increase in significance. If local politicians are to deal efficiently with these communities, socially, economically, and environmentally, those people politicians will increasingly rely on this kind of studies so that you can realize and efficiently manage them and the needs of their residents. Also, both articles or blog posts emphasize the intensifying interrelationship among the residents in the towns and the squatter communities, a fact which makes it even far more urgent for political and social leaders to deal easily and successfully from the requirements and issues of the squatters. It's no longer feasible for individuals leaders to carelessly and greedily exploit the squatters or ignore their needs. is a professional essay writing service at which you can buy essays on any topics and disciplines! All custom essays are written by professional writers!

Tuesday, October 23, 2012

The Mysterious "Key Operator"

Because from the nature of office management, office managers interact with personnel from all other departments during the organization, and their input can also be specifically crucial when an company is creating a decision about relocating or closing a particular facility. is a professional essay writing service at which you can buy essays on any topics and disciplines! All custom essays are written by professional writers!

Office managers is also compared towards the superintendent of an apartment building. It's the responsibility on the office manager to generate certain that the electricity is working, that you'll find ample phone lines for all the telecommunication needs in the company, that the deliveries are received and distributed towards correct individuals in a timely manner, that broken equipment is repaired quickly (and at as modest price as possible, which means tracking warranty information), and that communication in between employees is facilitated.

Office managers jobs with each department within an firm as well as using a amount of outside vendors and customers. Working of the purchasing department (in bigger organizations), the office manager participates in office equipment decisions and handles any failures that occur. Working from the shipping and acquiring department (in bigger companies), the office manager creates certain that the business is using the greatest and efficient carriers for its own products, and receiving goods in an each efficient manner.

In this sort of situations, the conference area commonly has a conference table arranged inside a U-shape so that all participants can be noticed from a centrally mounted video camera. A multimedia board is often utilized to document the meeting and to supply visual aids to individuals participating remotely. In several situations, the office manager should find a method to capture the facts on a multimedia board and forward it towards participants. After computers are applied for ones videoconferencing, this is accomplished easily by merely transferring pc files.

As employees entering the workplace occur into the professional environment already familiar with obtainable technology, the use of technology will likely be far more evident inside the upper levels of organizations. For quite a few younger executives, technology tools are as critical as such traditional advantages as large offices and entry for the executive washroom. For these executives, the traditional desk and credenza are giving way to U-shaped configurations, which offer a lot of worksurface for business machines. In some cases, the desk is being a peninsula in your friendlier, a lot more approachable image to traffic and conferees, yet with adequate workspace to enable working managers to accomplish their tasks.

Increasingly, managers are no longer simply directing the tasks of their subordinates; downsizing and declines within the number of middle managers methods that supervisors are increasingly working managers who are themselves productive members of their teams. In other situations, managers had been eliminated altogether and replaced by team leaders, a position which may perhaps transform from project to project. This has led to a significant change inside way that office management means the relationship among employee and managers. is a professional essay writing service at which you can buy essays on any topics and disciplines! All custom essays are written by professional writers!

Monday, October 22, 2012

The Gambling Industry in U.S.

The latest regional craze in the gaming industry is the development of riverboat casinos. Mississippi, which voted to legalize gambling on its waterfront, boasts more than 50 casinos and five major gambling centers. The Mississippi legislature put no license limits on the number of dockside casinos: "These are casinos so new that construction workers must weave through gamblers, so busy that some of these $25 million to $50 million investments can pay for themselves in a matter of months" (Hirshey, 1994, p. 36). Because riverboat casinos are so easy to sell to voters, some analysts predict that Mississippi will soon rival Las Vegas. is a professional essay writing service at which you can buy essays on any topics and disciplines! All custom essays are written by professional writers!

The demographics of gambling have changed dramatically since the mid-1970s, when Nevada was the only state with legalized gambling. Previously, casinos were frequented largely by white, middle-class businessmen who could afford the flight to Las Vegas. Today, senior citizens, minorities, teenagers, and other low-income groups gamble regularly, in hopes of elevating their economic status with a quick win. As one casino operator put it, "We target everybody. What's the difference if it's a Social Security check, a welfare check, or a stock dividend check?" (Popkin, 1994, p. 49).

Estimates of the economic impact of gambling vary, depending on which faction is making the assessment. The gaming industry contends that casino gambling benefits local economies by providing economic development, new jobs, and lower taxes. Proponents claim that the recent casino boom will create 500,000 jobs nationwide during the 1990s (Popkin, 1994, p. 43). Opponents of casino construction claim that few economic assessments factor in gambling's hidden costs. A study of Illinois casinos found that the net effect of gambling was one job lost for every gambling job created (U.S. Congress, 1994, p. 9). Further, most casino jobs are in the minimum wage service sector restaurant workers and hotel housekeepers. Tourist-dependent gaming industry employment also tends to be seasonal and particularly sensitive to recessionary factors.

Opponents of legalized gambling claim that the proliferation of casinos and the attraction of the perquisites they offer has led to a marked increase in gambling addiction in the United States. Estimates of the incidence of compulsive gambling range from 3 percent to 5 percent of the adult population in 1994, up from .77 percent in 1976: "Sociologists almost uniformly report that increased gambling activities which are promoted as sociologically 'acceptable' (the acceptability factor) and which are made 'accessible' (the accessibility factor) to larger numbers of people will increase the number of pathological gamblers" (U.S. Congress, 1994, p. 80). In regions with unchecked casino development, concomitant increases have been noted in the number of pawn shops and local chapters of Gambler's Anonymous.

Deadwood's experience is typical of municipalities that get suckered into gambling fever without setting proper regulatory limits. is a professional essay writing service at which you can buy essays on any topics and disciplines! All custom essays are written by professional writers!

Friday, October 19, 2012

Music is Life

Only will, or objective truth during the cosmic sense, isn't subject to idea. Each will and notion is also compared to ideal forms or essence, the former due to the fact objective reality, which Schopenhauer describes as the thing-in-itself, is what remains once individual instances of forms are taken away; and also the latter simply because idea, as the result of subjective experience, is really ahead of experience. Schopenhauer differentiates among subjective experience or concept and will by way of the rational processes of human beings: "when the will is enlightened by knowledge, it often knows that it wills now and here, by no means what it wills in general." Ibid., 1089. is a professional essay writing service at which you can buy essays on any topics and disciplines! All custom essays are written by professional writers!

This is often a point to which we shall return.

The conception of essence or thing-in-itself is critical to Schopenhauer's view of music simply because his discussion takes him for the position that music is even over an extraordinary example of type or will. For Schopenhauer, music becomes will itself, even because it allows to your infusion of will into individual instances of itself. The musical expression may be the expression of the subjective thought with the will. Like a item of rational man, it's unavoidably will inflected or conditioned by human experience, which means that somebody example of music belongs on the world. But the power of that expression is such that it reaches not merely beyond its greatest and best phenomen.

Music . . . in no way expresses the phenomenon, but only the inner nature, the in-itself of all phenomena, the will itself. It does not therefore express this or that specific and particular joy, this or that sorrow, or pain, or horror, or delight, or merriment, or peace of mind; but joy, sorrow, pain, horror, delight, merriment, peace of mind themselves, to a certain extent from the abstract, their important nature, with no accessories, and for that reason with out their motives. . . . Hence it arises that our imagination is so very easily excited by music, and now seeks to give form to that invisible yet actively moved spirit-world which speaks to us directly, and clothe it with flesh and blood. Arthur Schopenhauer, Philosophies of Art and Beauty, n.p., 492. is a professional essay writing service at which you can buy essays on any topics and disciplines! All custom essays are written by professional writers!

Wednesday, October 17, 2012

An Acquisition for Citigroup

Its growth rate has been steady for almost five decades. In between the last 2 years it increased its revenue 38.30 percent over the year before, and increased its assets base 39.35 percent over the year prior to (W Holding, 2002, p.5). This is a phenomenal growth that would be very good to our own portfolio.

First, it need to be understood that this proposal is completely confidential, as W Holding isn't openly on the market. The top executives are aware that if a business puts itself up for sale that the shoppers perceive that there is a difficulty of some sort and tend to lose confidence. Corporation is lost if the timing is ill-conceived (Gulf Coast Financial, 2003, p.5). Nonetheless info gleaned from sources inside firm, sources believed to become reliable, it is feasible that W Holding could be interested in merging with Citigroup. 2 on the senior officers are retiring within a single year, and there has been a bit of unrest inside business since the events of September 11, 2001. Terrorisms did not particularly damage W Holding, but there is an undercurrent of unease inside the top echelons, and it appears how the timing might be appropriate to create a proposal to W Holding Company.

Lolding business during a time of international duress. There's a sense that they would appreciate owning somebody else eat the reins, though no a single has stated that directly. The second thing of negotiation stands out as the company's concern more than their nonperforming loans. The percentage isn't great, only .51 percent, but the number has been growing for ones past four years right after a high of .56 percent in 1998, and the business is uneasy about this record. One gains the impression that they want to hand more than the trouble of nonperforming loans to someone else (W Holding, 2002, p.5). We could possibly be that someone else to a extremely excellent advantage for Citigroup. A single senses that from the right timing and delicate presentation, becoming in particular sensitive towards the differing methods in the Latin culture over a island, that W Holding Business could be a prime synergistic acquisition for Citigroup. They are the strongest, largest, and most in a position asset-based lender in Puerto Rico.

Total interest expense (219,413)

If we were serious about pursuing this opportunity, it would be critical to be flexible concerning a price. Their net profit for 2002 was $85,963,000, and it appears that an provide inside variety of $171,926,000 to $200,000,000 would be feasible. It appears prudent to offer an 1st payment of 20 percent, with third party financing handling 50 percent, and also the remaining 30 percent carried by a seller note of 30 percent (Gulf Coast Financial, 2003, p.36). Gulf Coast Financial, Company Valuation Specialists of Tampa, Florida, has been of very good support in determining the valuation of W Holding Company, Inc. Of course, there are lots of causes influencing value, but Gulf Coast has examined the history with the company from its inception, its economic outlook within the banking industry, the book importance with the stock, the continued revenue capacity, the dividend-paying history and capacity, and whether or not the enterprise has goodwill (Gulf Coast, 2003, p.15) is a professional essay writing service at which you can buy essays on any topics and disciplines! All custom essays are written by professional writers! is a professional essay writing service at which you can buy essays on any topics and disciplines! All custom essays are written by professional writers!

Tuesday, October 16, 2012

Improvisational Comedy

Chicago at the time had a theater that centered primarily close to traveling companies of New York shows, several amateur theatricals, and some college repertory offerings. The University of Chicago also had the University Theatre and a a smaller amount formal group known as "Tonight at 8:30" (McCrohan 19). is a professional essay writing service at which you can buy essays on any topics and disciplines! All custom essays are written by professional writers!

The theater these young people first opened during the summer of 1955 was in a storefront following to a bar in Chicago's Hyde Park, and also the theater they began was as opposed to something else in Chicago or anything else from the world. The method utilized to create a production was what differentiated this theater from others:

Traditionally, a theater presents a cast which, under the guidance of the director, brings to life a playwright's script. these young Chicagoans, however, had disposed from the playwright's services. The words they spoke have been their very own and they changed from night to night. They named themselves The Compass, and also the jobs they did as well as the way they went about it proved to be a watershed development in the history of the theater (Sweet xv).

The Compass was according to a thought producer David Shepherd had borrowed inside commedia dell'arte, a theatrical form frequent in Renaissance Europe:

A commedia troupe was a business of comic actors who traveled from town to town giving shows.

The performer undertaking improvisation will involve him or herself entirely and will utilize each element of own development as an aid. The person will, via improvisation, increase observation and understanding of people:

The game is a natural group form providing the involvement and own freedom required for experiencing. Games develop individual ways and skills required for ones game itself, through playing (Spolin 4).

The Second City continued developing as being a troupe and produced much more and more crucial figures in American comedy throughout the 1960s. By the 1970s the reputation from the group was these kinds of that Bernie Sahlins opened an adjunct in Toronto. At that time, following the Watergate debacle and other events within the U.S., the Second City troupe had taken on the decidedly anti-Establishment tone in its political humor. Toronto was one more matter, for the city had another political stance. Canada was not involved in Vietnam and was not involved in Watergate (McCrohan 188-190). The Toronto Second City was not an instant success and would close as soon as just before owning a theater and entering a additional productive and successful phase (McCrohan 194-195).

The Compass Theater lasted for about 2 years previous to disbanding (McCrohan 32). By 1959, Paul Sills was able to start an additional group to revive the spirit from the Compass Theater, and he joined with Bernie Sahlins and Howard Alk. They leased a defunct Chinese laundry and also the adjoining hat shop inside the residential area off Lincoln park known as Old Town. They took their name from a caustic piece during the New Yorker written in 1951 by A.J. Liebling known as "Chicago, the Second City". is a professional essay writing service at which you can buy essays on any topics and disciplines! All custom essays are written by professional writers!

Monday, October 15, 2012

The Misrepresentation of Immigrant Groups

Unfortunately, the result of this kind of trends may be the continuation or heightening of racist stereotyping in society plus a bad public view of immigrants and ethnic groups. To be able to fully explore how series television impacts the formation on the American consciousness with regard to ethnic groups who have immigrated, it is needed to very first explore a brief history of communication, how images impact viewers, the impact of television specifically, and then move to a discussion about to what extent immigrant ethnic groups are represented, what types of storylines and stereotypes exist, and finally, the impact of these storylines and stereotypes on society. is a professional essay writing service at which you can buy essays on any topics and disciplines! All custom essays are written by professional writers!

The history of communication has evolved more than three various periods: oral storytelling, text-based, and image-centered. For generations, learning and traditions had been passed on only by words. Oral cultures used the principal type of storytelling to teach younger generations and it was not until the invention of writing that instruction, traditions and events could be told beyond the capacity of memory. Even still, the limited circulation of hand-written books meant that only an elite few had access to them (Davis, para.3).


These "young people" are indeed influenced by television and despite the glazed seem on their faces as they stare at the blinking lights for hours on end, some teenagers are starting to notice and ask questions like, "Why is TV so segregated?" This particular teenager seen that most black sitcoms these days are shown by the newer networks for example UPN and also the WB, whilst the mainstream channels of NBC, CBS, and ABC offer white sitcoms with occasional appearances by minorities and ethnic groups. She also witnessed the lack of representation of Asians and Latinos on American television (Poussaint, Noticing the Difference, para.1). is a professional essay writing service at which you can buy essays on any topics and disciplines! All custom essays are written by professional writers!

Thursday, October 11, 2012


The folks shown from the Regents paintings were citizens who had been performing a civic duty of some kind.

The excellent citizens in Rembrandt's Syndics painting were members of a Board whose career it was to inspect (or sample) the top quality from the cloth that was produced in Amsterdam. This painting was to be hung in their headquarters in "a big complex of buildings on the Groenburgwal devoted to the textile industry" (Haak, Rembrandt 308). This was a rotating group of officials who were certain each Good Friday and served for your year. Mainly because the date accompanies Rembrandt's signature, art historians are fairly certain which group of sampling officials this was. The five men in hats and the servant who stands behind them are identified by name, religion, and profession. The truth that the men are of four numerous religions -- a couple of Roman Catholics and three Protestants (Calvinist, Mennonite, and Remonstrant) -- but are gathered in "brotherly unity" for their jobs is "a standard symbol with the power of commerce and the tolerance of Amsterdam during the age of prosperity in the Dutch Republic," a time when few other nations showed this sort of tolerance to a number of religions (Bredius 585).

In Rembrandt's time group portraits had been painted "according to fixed schemes that hardly changed throughout the century" (Haak, Golden Age 99). Within the early 1600s the formula for Regents' portraits "that woul In painting this portrait for the Drapers' Guild Rembrandt "held strictly for the conventional rules" that had been followed for decades (Haak, Rembrandt 309). Even his decision to use the dramatic foreshortened perspective from below was since that he "took into account the way the picture was being hung" high, over the viewer's eye level (Gerson 125). In Rembrandt's painting you will discover also all the attributes favorite for the Regents portraits. The book the men hold open on a table is really a "sample book" that contains the frequent examples for comparison with "the cloth that this physique has to check" (Bredius 586). This really is a symbol of their profession and is an critical focus of the composition. They also have some specific attributes of their particular work on this board of directors. The man on a viewer's right, for example, may be the treasurer and holds the income bag. In addition there's a picture on the wall around the treasurer's head which shows a look-out tower having a fire. This is a lighthouse or "beacon" for sailors and, "in a much more general iconographic sense, a symbol of good citizenship and good government" (Bredius 586). The men, in their hats, sit close to a table covered having a Persian rug including a servant is present. This painting meets all of the standards to your Regents portrait. Yet Rembrandt's version of this kind of painting is several from all the others. As Haak says, other paintings feature the exact same subjects, from the exact same general arrangement, and in some of them "the portraits are painted to perfection, each face with its personal highly individualized features and expressions," yet it is only in Rembrandt's jobs that "one can't take into account them with no wondering about their thoughts, their characters, their backgrounds" (Rembrandt 309).

There have been quite a few traditional methods of animating the portraits. Artists sometimes had the members hold or sit near "the attributes of their specific functions -- pen and paper for ones secretary, a moneyba is a professional essay writing service at which you can buy essays on any topics and disciplines! All custom essays are written by professional writers! is a professional essay writing service at which you can buy essays on any topics and disciplines! All custom essays are written by professional writers!

Friday, October 5, 2012

Biology research paper

If you were asked to write a biology research paper, it will take more time than to complete a simple biology essay. Clearly, it can be understood from the title which presupposes conducting a research. What is more, you are supposed to dwell not only upon some theoretical issues but also present some practical results as well. Keep in mind that in order to come up with a proper paper, you will need to come to certain conclusions on your own.

And the only way to do that is to perform an experiment which would be rather suitable in the field of biology. Of course, you may do all these things on your own. Obviously, the task of writing a biology research paper is a slow process. Yet, if you follow each step, you may come up with a good paper. However, a good paper may not be enough for you. You would probably like to get an excellent paper but you are not sure whether you'll have time to accomplish it.

What is more, you may simply have no desire to do it. If you don't want to complete the task, nothing can be done about it. In such cases it is wiser to rely on the help of our academic writing agency as our highly qualified writers can provide you with any paper you want. Just place an order on our website, give them all necessary instructions and wait until your paper is delivered to you. The task will be completed within the shortest period of time. You'll have the opportunity to submit it in time and get an excellent mark for it.

Tuesday, October 2, 2012

Custom essay

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