Birds (class[->0] Aves) atomic number 18 feathered[->1], winged[->2], bipedal[->3], endothermic[->4] (warm-blooded[->5]), egg-laying[->6], vertebrate[->7] fleshlys. Around 10,000 living species makes them the most speciose class of tetrapod[->8] vertebrates. They continue ecosystems across the globe, from the Arctic to the Antarctic. Extant[->9] madams range in size from the 5 cm (2 in) Bee Humming tinkers dam[->10] to the 2.75 m (9 ft) Ostrich[->11]. The fogy record[->12] indicates tinkers dams evolved[->13] from theropod[->14] dinosaurs[->15] during the Jurassic[->16] period, close to 150cc million years past (Ma), and the earliest known bird is the Late Jurassic Archaeopteryx[->17], around 150145 Ma. approximately paleontologists[->18] regard birds as the unless clade[->19] of dinosaurs to have survived the Cretaceous 3rd extinction event[->20] approximately 65.5 Ma. neo birds are characterised[->21] by feathers[->22], a beak[->23] with no teeth[->24], the laying[->25] of hard-shelled[->26] eggs, a gritty metabolic[->27] rate, a four-chambered heart[->28], and a lightweight but strong skeleton[->29]. tout ensemble living species of birds have travel - the now extinct wingless Moa[->30] of New Zealand[->31] was the only exception.
move are evolved forelimbs, and most bird species can fly[->32], with some exceptions, including ratites[->33], penguins[->34], and a number of diverse endemic[->35] island species. Birds also have unique digestive[->36] and respiratory systems[->37] that are highly adapted for flight. Some birds, especially corvids[->38] and parrots[->39], are amo ng the most intelligent animal species; a nu! mber of bird species have been observed manufacturing and victimisation tools[->40], and many societal species point cultural transmission of cognition across generations. Many species constrict long distance one-year migrations[->41], and many more consummate shorter irregular movements. Birds are social; they communicate using ocular signals and through calls and songs[->42], and participate in...If you penury to get a adept essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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